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|Mental health status among adolescents in South Korea|
|지유나 김윤정 정성혜 전채민 김영택(질병관리본부 만성병조사과)|
In South Korea, suicide was the second leading cause of death among
teenagers and the prevalence of having felt stress and sad or hopeless were higher
among adolescents than adults. This study analyzed mental health behaviors using
data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS, 2009).
The KYRBS was conducted on a nationally representative sample of middle
and high school students. 75,066 students in 800 sampled schools completed the
anonymous self-administered web-based questionnaire. Data were weighted to
provide national estimates using SAS software to account for the complex sampling
43.2% (95% CI=42.6-43.9) of students had felt stress, higher among female
(50.0%, 95% CI=49.1-50.8) than male (37.3%, 95% CI=36.6-38.0) students, and higher
among high school (46.6%) than middle school (40.0%) students. Causes of stress
were examination results (55.3%), conflict with parents (15.7%), and appearance
(11.5%). During the 12 months before surveys, 37.5% of students had felt sad or
hopeless (95% CI=36.9-38.1), higher among female (43.5%, 95% CI=42.8-44.3) than
male (32.1%, 95% CI=31.4-32.8) students, and higher among high school (40.6%) than
middle school (34.5%) students. 19.1% of students had seriously considered attempting suicide (95% CI=18.6-19.6), and 4.6% had attempted suicide (95% CI= 4.4-4.8).
In South Korea, the prevalence of having felt stress and sad or hopeless
increased as they get older, mainly because of study related problems among
adolescents. Accordingly, school-based mental health promotion programs and
community mental health center need to improve mental health for adolescents.
|3rd European Public Health Conference||